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  • Senegalese Democratic Party (political party, Senegal)

    Abdoulaye Wade: In 1974 Wade founded the Senegalese Democratic Party (Parti Démocratique Sénégalais; PDS) as an opposition party to Pres. Léopold Senghor’s Senegalese Progressive Union (Union Progressiste Sénégalaise; UPS), which was known as the Socialist Party (Parti Socialiste; PS) after 1976. The PDS became the centre of a fledgling opposition movement in…

  • Senegambia (British colony, Africa)

    western Africa: Anglo-French competition: But the Colony of the Senegambia was not a success. Britain’s merchants were not willing to follow up its naval and military successes in this region, and French traders were allowed to creep back. The main results of Britain’s initiative were to interrupt French imperial ambitions in the Sénégal valley…

  • Senegambia (confederation, Africa)

    Senegambia, limited confederation (1982–89) of the sovereign countries of Senegal and The Gambia. The two countries reached a merger agreement in November 1981, and the Senegambia confederation came into being three months later. The terms of the agreement required Senegal and The Gambia to take

  • Senenmut (Egyptian steward)

    Egyptian art and architecture: Innovation, decline, and revival from the New Kingdom to the Late period: The sculptures of Senenmut, steward of Hatshepsut, exemplify the development. At least 23 votive statues (some fragmentary) of this royal favourite are known, exhibiting many different forms.

  • senescence

    Old age, in human beings, the final stage of the normal life span. Definitions of old age are not consistent from the standpoints of biology, demography (conditions of mortality and morbidity), employment and retirement, and sociology. For statistical and public administrative purposes, however,

  • seneschal (French feudal official)

    Seneschal, in medieval and early modern France, a steward or principal administrator in a royal or noble household. As time went on, the office declined in importance and was often equivalent to that of a bailiff (q.v.); the office and title persisted until the French Revolution. In Merovingian

  • Senfl, Ludwig (Swiss composer)

    Ludwig Senfl, Swiss composer, considered the most important German-speaking master of his time. Senfl probably grew up in Zürich, and at about age 10 he joined Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I’s Hofkapelle choir. He is thought to have entered the priesthood after his voice changed, an option

  • Sengen hitotsu (work by Arishima)

    Arishima Takeo: In 1922 Arishima published Sengen hitotsu (“A Manifesto”), in which he expressed his despairing conviction that only the labouring classes could help themselves and that there was nothing he, as a member of the upper classes, could do for them. That year he distributed his land and farms in…

  • Sengen Shrine (shrine, Fujinomiya, Japan)

    Fujinomiya: It developed around the Sengen (Asama) Shrine, the main Shintō shrine for the worship of Mount Fuji since the 9th century. During the early part of the Edo (Tokugawa) period (1603–1867), the shogun (military ruler) Tokugawa Ieyasu built an inner shrine, a hall of worship, and a main torii…

  • Sênggê Zangbo (river, Asia)

    Indus River, great trans-Himalayan river of South Asia. It is one of the longest rivers in the world, with a length of some 2,000 miles (3,200 km). Its total drainage area is about 450,000 square miles (1,165,000 square km), of which 175,000 square miles (453,000 square km) lie in the ranges and

  • Senggelinqin (Chinese general)

    China: The Nian Rebellion: …pacification was launched by General Senggelinqin, who led a powerful cavalry into the affected area in 1862, but his pursuit was ineffective, and the general himself was killed in Shandong in May 1865. Thus, the last imperial crack unit disappeared. Zeng Guofan succeeded Senggelinqin as general and enforced a policy…

  • Senghor, Léopold (president of Senegal)

    Léopold Senghor, poet, teacher, and statesman, first president of Senegal, and a major proponent of the concept of Negritude. Senghor was the son of a prosperous Serer planter and trader. His mother was a Roman Catholic and sent him to a nearby Catholic mission and seminary in order to fulfill his

  • Senghor, Léopold Sédar (president of Senegal)

    Léopold Senghor, poet, teacher, and statesman, first president of Senegal, and a major proponent of the concept of Negritude. Senghor was the son of a prosperous Serer planter and trader. His mother was a Roman Catholic and sent him to a nearby Catholic mission and seminary in order to fulfill his

  • sengi (mammal)

    Elephant shrew, (order Macroscelidea), any of approximately 20 species of rat-sized African mammals named for their long, tapered, and flexible snout (proboscis). All have slim bodies, slender limbs, and very long hind legs and feet. Although they resemble shrews, they are not insectivores but

  • Sengle, Claude de la (Grand Master of the Hospitallers)

    Senglea: …by the Knights’ grand master Claude de la Sengle. Subsequently fortified, it played an important role during the Turks’ Great Siege of Malta in 1565, when it suffered heavy damage. At that time, Sengle’s successor and the leader of Malta’s defense, Grand Master Jean Parisot de la Valette, bestowed upon…

  • Senglea (Malta)

    Senglea, town, one of the Three Cities (the others being Cospicua and Vittoriosa) of eastern Malta. Senglea lies on a small, narrow peninsula between French Creek to the west and Dockyard Creek to the east, just south of Valletta across Grand Harbour. In 1552 a fort was built on the peninsula,

  • Sengoku daimyo (Japanese military lord)

    Japan: The Oda regime: In the 1550–60 period the Sengoku daimyo, who had survived the wars of the previous 100 years, moved into an even fiercer stage of mutual conflict. These powerful daimyo were harassed not only by each other but also by the rise of common people within their domains. The daimyo sought…

  • Sengoku period (Japanese history)

    Japan: The emergence of new forces.: …lords, it is called the Sengoku (“Warring States”) period, named for a somewhat similar period in ancient Chinese history.

  • Sengstacke, John H. (American publisher)

    John H. Sengstacke, American editor and longtime influential publisher, notably of the Chicago Defender, the national voice of African-Americans; he used his formidable role to champion civil rights, including the integration of the armed forces, the breaking of the colour barrier in major league

  • Senguerr River (river, Argentina)

    Patagonia: Drainage and soils: origin (the Colorado, Negro, Chubut, Senguerr, Chico, and Santa Cruz rivers). Most of the valleys either have intermittent streams—such as the Shehuen, Coig, and Gallegos rivers, which have their sources east of the Andes—or contain streams like the Deseado River, which completely dry up along all or part of their…

  • Sengzhao (Buddhist monk)

    Buddhism: Madhyamika (Sanlun/Sanron): …result of the teachings of Sengzhao, Kumarajiva’s disciple, and later of Jizang. Both of these Chinese Madhyamika masters commented on Nagarjuna’s thesis in numerous influential works.

  • Seni Pramoj, Mom Rajawong (Thai diplomat)

    Mom Rajawong Seni Pramoj, Thai diplomat and politician whose refusal to honour Japanese demands that he deliver a Thai declaration of war against the U.S. and the U.K. during World War II kept the U.S. from attacking Thailand and gained U.S. aid in organizing resistance forces (b. May 26, 1905--d.

  • Senigallia (Italy)

    Senigallia, town and episcopal see, Marche regione, central Italy. Senigallia lies along the Adriatic Sea at the mouth of the Misa River. Founded by the Senonian Gauls in the 6th century bc, it became the Roman colony of Sena Gallica in 289 bc. In the 6th century it was one of the five cities of

  • Senijextee (people)

    Plateau Indian: Language: and include the Okanagan, Sinkaietk, Lake, Wenatchee, Sanpoil, Nespelim, Spokan, Kalispel, Pend d’Oreille, Coeur d’Alene, and Flathead peoples. Some early works incorrectly denote all Salishan groups as

  • senile brain disease (mental disorder)

    mental disorder: Senile and presenile dementia: In these dementias there is a progressive intellectual impairment that proceeds to lethargy, inactivity, and gross physical deterioration and eventually to death within a few years. Presenile dementias are arbitrarily defined as those that begin in persons under age 65. In old…

  • senile dementia (mental disorder)

    mental disorder: Senile and presenile dementia: In these dementias there is a progressive intellectual impairment that proceeds to lethargy, inactivity, and gross physical deterioration and eventually to death within a few years. Presenile dementias are arbitrarily defined as those that begin in persons under age 65. In old…

  • senile keratosis (skin disease)

    keratosis: Senile keratosis is a condition marked by sharply outlined, gray to grayish black, slightly elevated flat papules, which are generally associated with aging and exposure to sunlight. They are more frequent in sunny climates and occur on exposed areas of the body—unless ingestion of arsenic…

  • senile plaque (neurology)

    Alzheimer disease: Neuritic plaques and neurofibrillary tangles: The presence of neuritic plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in the brain are used to diagnose Alzheimer disease in autopsy. Neuritic plaques—also called senile, dendritic, or amyloid plaques—consist of deteriorating neuronal material surrounding deposits of a sticky protein called amyloid beta…

  • Senilia (book by Gyllensten)

    Lars Gyllensten: In its sequel, Senilia (1956), the aging process has a similar function in relation to its main character, but this time the inner monologue finds a positive resolution. Sokrates d?d (1960; “The Death of Socrates”) is a historical novel set in 5th-century-bc Athens. In Lotus i Hades (1966;…

  • Senilità (novel by Svevo)

    Italo Svevo: …was its successor, Senilità (1898; As a Man Grows Older), featuring another bewildered hero. Svevo had been teaching at a commercial school, and, with Senilità’s failure, he formally gave up writing and became engrossed in his father-in-law’s business.

  • senior citizen

    Old age, in human beings, the final stage of the normal life span. Definitions of old age are not consistent from the standpoints of biology, demography (conditions of mortality and morbidity), employment and retirement, and sociology. For statistical and public administrative purposes, however,

  • Senior Courts of England and Wales (British court)

    Senior Courts of England and Wales, in England and Wales, judicial body that consists of the Court of Appeal, the High Court of Justice, and the Crown Court. Until the Judicature Act of 1873 the English court system was cluttered with courts, most of them dating back to the Middle Ages, with

  • senior golf

    One of sports’ biggest recent success stories was the Professional Golfers’ Association’s (PGA’s) Senior Tour. Beginning in 1980 with two tournaments and $250,000 in prize money, this competition for golfers over 50 years old had grown into a $33.3 million tour with 38 official stops in 1995. A

  • Senior PGA Tour (golf)

    golf: The Senior PGA Tour: Begun in the early 1980s, the Senior PGA Tour (later renamed the Champions Tour) quickly became popular. Designed for golfers 50 years of age and up, its total purse was $10 million within a few years of its creation, and it had…

  • Senior, Nassau William (British economist)

    Nassau William Senior, British classical economist who influenced the political and economic policies of his day. Senior was educated at Eton and at the University of Oxford, from which he graduated in 1812. He qualified as a lawyer in 1819. It was as an economist, however, that Senior made his

  • senioriate system (inheritance)

    Boles?aw III: The senioriate system, a halfway measure between primogeniture and equal distribution among all male heirs, was devised to satisfy all princely heirs; yet it caused dissension and eventually led to the disintegration of the state.

  • seniority system (business)

    business organization: The modern executive: Because of the seniority system, many are well past middle age before they achieve high status. There are signs that the system is weakening, however, as efforts are more often made to lift promising young men out of low-echelon positions. Criticism of the traditional method has been stimulated…

  • Senir (mountain, Lebanon-Syria)

    Mount Hermon, snowcapped ridge on the Lebanon-Syria border west of Damascus. It rises to 9,232 feet (2,814 metres) and is the highest point on the east coast of the Mediterranean Sea. It is sometimes considered the southernmost extension of the Anti-Lebanon range. At its foot rise the two major

  • Senjirli H?yük (archaeological site, Turkey)

    Zincirli H?yük, archaeological site in the foothills of the Anti-Taurus Mountains, south-central Turkey. Samal was one of the Late Hittite city-states that perpetuated the more or less Semitized southern Anatolian culture for centuries after the downfall of the Hittite empire (c. 1190 bc). The

  • Senkaku Islands (archipelago)

    Ishihara Shintarō: …islands in the Senkaku (Diaoyu in Chinese) chain southwest of Japan—an archipelago hotly disputed between Japan and China—forced the Japanese government to preemptively purchase them, which then set off mass protests in China and worsened relations between the two countries.

  • Senkei (Buddhist priest and artist)

    rikka: …discipline through the influence of Senkei, a Buddhist priest and master of the Ikenobō school.

  • Senko Temple (temple, Onomichi, Japan)

    Onomichi: The Buddhist Senko Temple was founded in the 9th century. It is located on the side of a hill that commands a fine view of the city and coast and contains an observatory and a planetarium. Onomichi is connected to Imabari on Shikoku by the multiple-span Kurushima…

  • Senkyūhyaku nijū hachinen sangatsu jūgo nichi (work by Kobayashi Takiji)

    Kobayashi Takiji: …of an arrest appeared in Senkyūhyaku nijū hachinen sangatsu jūgo nichi (“The Fifteenth of March, 1928”), recording the local events of an infamous national police crackdown. That story, together with Shimen no tameni (“For the Sake of the Citizen”), Fuzai-jinushi (“Absentee Landlord”), and Kani-kōsen (“The Cannery Boat”), established him as…

  • Senlac (hill, Battle, England, United Kingdom)

    Battle: …ridge to the southeast, called Senlac, was the site of the famous Battle of Hastings in which William I the Conqueror defeated the English in 1066. Before the battle William vowed to build an abbey on the spot if victorious, and in 1094 its church was consecrated, with an altar…

  • Senlis (France)

    Senlis, town, Oise département, Hauts-de-France région, northern France. It lies along the Nonette River, which is a tributary of the Oise, in a forested area 32 miles (51 km) north-northeast of Paris. Senlis, whose name is derived from its 4th-century Roman name, Civitas Silvanectium (“City of the

  • Senlis, Treaty of (Europe [1493])

    Franche-Comté: History: …retrocede Franche-Comté to Austria (Treaty of Senlis, 1493). For the next 185 years, Franche-Comté was a Habsburg possession.

  • senna (plant)

    Senna, any of several plants, especially of the genus Cassia, in the pea family (Fabaceae), mostly of subtropical and tropical regions. Many are used medicinally; some yield tanbark used in preparing leather. Some sennas are among the showiest flowering trees. Alexandrian senna (C. acutifolia),

  • Senna knot (carpet-making)

    rug and carpet: Materials and technique: The Persian, or asymmetrical, knot is used principally in Iran, India, China, and Egypt. This knot was formerly known as the Senneh (Sehna) knot. The Spanish knot, used mainly in Spain, differs from the other two types in looping around only one warp yarn. After the…

  • Senna rug

    Senneh rug, handwoven floor covering made by Kurds who live in or around the town of Senneh (now more properly Sanandaj) in western Iran. The pile rugs and kilims of Senneh are prized for their delicate pattern and colouring and for their fine weave. They are by far the most sophisticated of the

  • Senna, Ayrton (Brazilian race–car driver)

    Ayrton Senna, Brazilian race-car driver (born March 21, 1960, S?o Paulo, Brazil—died May 1, 1994, Imola, Italy), was a fierce competitor who was renowned for his ruthless and risky maneuvers on the Grand Prix circuit and dominated the sport with 41 Grand Prix titles and 3 circuit world c

  • Sennabris

    Beth Yerah: …Ptolemy II of Philadelphus, and Sennabris, identified by Josephus as the northernmost point of the Jordan valley.

  • Sennacherib (king of Assyria)

    Sennacherib, king of Assyria (705/704–681 bce), son of Sargon II. He made Nineveh his capital, building a new palace, extending and beautifying the city, and erecting inner and outer city walls that still stand. Sennacherib figures prominently in the Old Testament. Sennacherib was the son and

  • Sennacherib, palace of (ancient palace, Nineveh, Iraq)

    history of Mesopotamia: Sennacherib: Sennacherib built a huge palace in Nineveh, adorned with reliefs, some of them depicting the transport of colossal bull statues by water and by land. Many of the rooms were decorated with pictorial narratives in bas-relief telling of war and of building activities. Considerable advances can be noted in…

  • Sennar (Sudan)

    Funj Dynasty: …Funj capital, the city of Sennar, on the left bank of the Blue Nile above its confluence with the White Nile, was founded by ?Amārah Dunqas in 1504–05. The Funj expanded northward from this region at the same time the ?Abdallabi dynasty was extending its dominion southward from the region…

  • Sennar Dam (dam, Sudan)

    Sennar Dam, dam impounding the Blue Nile River for irrigation at the town of Sannār in Sudan. Completed in 1925, it is 9,925 feet (3,025 metres) long with a maximum height of 130 feet (40 metres) and irrigates cotton and other crops of the plain of al-Jazirāh

  • Senneh rug

    Senneh rug, handwoven floor covering made by Kurds who live in or around the town of Senneh (now more properly Sanandaj) in western Iran. The pile rugs and kilims of Senneh are prized for their delicate pattern and colouring and for their fine weave. They are by far the most sophisticated of the

  • Sennert, Daniel (physician and philosopher)

    atomism: The 17th century: …physician and philosopher of nature Daniel Sennert (1572–1637), Democritus’s atomism and the minima theory really amounted to the same thing. As far as philosophy was concerned, Sennert was only interested in the general idea of atomism; the precise content of an atomic doctrine, in his view, ought to be a…

  • Sennett, Mack (Canadian-American director and producer)

    Mack Sennett, creator of the Keystone Kops and the father of American slapstick comedy in motion pictures. A master of comic timing and effective editing, Sennett was a dominant figure in the silent era of Hollywood film production and was the first director of comedies to develop a distinctive

  • Sennin (painting by Kim Hong-do)

    Kim Hong-do: …his portrayal of the “Sennin” (“Immortals”), whom he depicts in an unusual heroic style, showing them full-figured and robust.

  • Sennusiya (Muslim Sufi sect)

    Sanūsīyah, a Muslim ?ūfī (mystic) brotherhood established in 1837 by Sīdī Mu?ammad ibn ?Alī as-Sanūsī. In modern history, the head of the Sanūsī brotherhood was king of the federal kingdom of Libya from its creation in 1951 until it was superseded by a Socialist republic in 1969. The Sanūsīyah b

  • Sennusiyah (Muslim Sufi sect)

    Sanūsīyah, a Muslim ?ūfī (mystic) brotherhood established in 1837 by Sīdī Mu?ammad ibn ?Alī as-Sanūsī. In modern history, the head of the Sanūsī brotherhood was king of the federal kingdom of Libya from its creation in 1951 until it was superseded by a Socialist republic in 1969. The Sanūsīyah b

  • ?enoa, August (Croatian writer)

    August ?enoa, Croatian novelist, critic, editor, poet, and dramatist who urged the modernization and improvement of Croatian literature and led its transition from Romanticism to Realism. Introducing the historical novel to Croatian literature, ?enoa contributed to the growing sense of national

  • Senoi (people)

    Senoi, Veddoid people found in the Malay Peninsula and in small groups along the coastal plains of eastern Sumatra, Indonesia. In the early 1980s they were estimated to number about 18,000. Traces of such a people also appear in the eastern islands of Indonesia. They are sometimes called Sakai, a

  • Senoic languages

    Senoic languages, subbranch of the Aslian branch of the Mon-Khmer language family, itself a part of the Austroasiatic stock. The main languages, Semai and Temiar, are spoken in the Main Range of the Malay Peninsula. Together their speakers number some 33,000. The former classification of the Senoic

  • Senones (people)

    Senones, either of two ancient Celtic tribes, or perhaps two divisions of the same people, one living in Gaul, the other in Italy. The Gallic Senones lived in the area that includes the modern French départements of Seine-et-Marne, Loiret, and Yonne. They fought against Julius Caesar in 53–51 bc;

  • Se?or de Bembibre, El (work by Gil y Carrasco)

    Spanish literature: The Romantic movement: The best, El Se?or de Bembibre (1844) by Enrique Gil y Carrasco, reflects Gil’s carefully researched history of the Templars in Spain. Other important novels are Mariano José de Larra’s El doncel de Don Enrique el doliente (1834; “The Page of King Enrique the Invalid”) and Espronceda’s…

  • se?or presidente, El (work by Asturias)

    Miguel ángel Asturias: …Cabrera, El se?or presidente (1946; The President). In Hombres de maíz (1949; Men of Maize), the novel generally considered his masterpiece, Asturias depicts the seemingly irreversible wretchedness of the Indian peasant. Another aspect of that misery—the exploitation of Indians on the banana plantations—appears in the epic trilogy that comprises the…

  • Se?ora Ama (work by Benavente y Martínez)

    Jacinto Benavente y Martínez: Se?ora Ama (1908), said to be his own favourite play, is an idyllic comedy set among the people of Castile.

  • Se?ora de rojo sobre fondo gris (novel by Delibes)

    Miguel Delibes: …dominant figure of his novel Se?ora de rojo sobre fondo gris (1991; “Lady in Red on a Gray Background”). Many of Delibes’s works were adapted for screen and stage, and he collected numerous awards, including the Cervantes Prize in 1993.

  • Senoufo (people)

    Senufo, a group of closely related peoples of northern C?te d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) and southeastern Mali. They speak at least four distinct languages (Palaka, Dyimini, and Senari in C?te d’Ivoire and Suppire in Mali), which belong to the Gur branch of the Niger-Congo language family. Within each

  • Senqu River (river, Africa)

    Orange River: Physiography: …is officially recognized as the Sinqu (Senqu) River, which rises near the plateau’s eastern edge. The Seati (Khubedu) headwater rises near Mont-aux-Sources to the north. Still farther north is the lesser-known Malibamatso headwater, one site of the Lesotho Highland Project. The Lesotho headwaters flow over the turf soil that covers…

  • senryū (Japanese poem)

    Senryū, a three-line unrhymed Japanese poem structurally similar to a haiku but treating human nature usually in an ironic or satiric vein. It is also unlike haiku in that it usually does not have any references to the seasons. Senryū developed from haiku and became especially popular among the

  • Sens (France)

    Sens, town, Yonne département, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté région, central France, southeast of Paris. The old town, situated on the right (eastern) bank of the Yonne River, is surrounded by shady boulevards and promenades built on the site of the old Roman walls. The railway station and industrial

  • Sens, H?tel de (building, Paris, France)

    Paris: The Marais: …de Ville is the Gothic H?tel de Sens, built at the end of the 15th century for the bishops of Sens, then also bishops of Paris. It was restored after 40 years of work and now serves as a city library of specialized collections. Nearby, behind facades of a much…

  • sensation (neurology and psychology)

    Sensation, in neurology and psychology, any concrete, conscious experience resulting from stimulation of a specific sense organ, sensory nerve, or sensory area in the brain. The word is used in a more general sense to indicate the whole class of such experiences. In ordinary speech the word is apt

  • sensation novel (literature)

    English literature: The novel: …produced a new subgenre, the sensation novel, seen at its best in the work of Wilkie Collins. Gothic novels and romances by Sheridan Le Fanu, Robert Louis Stevenson, William Morris, and Oscar Wilde; utopian fiction by Morris and Samuel Butler; and the early science fiction of H.G. Wells make it…

  • sensationalism (philosophy and psychology)

    Sensationalism, in epistemology and psychology, a form of Empiricism that limits experience as a source of knowledge to sensation or sense perceptions. Sensationalism is a consequence of the notion of the mind as a tabula rasa, or “clean slate.” In ancient Greek philosophy, the Cyrenaics,

  • sensationism (philosophy and psychology)

    Sensationalism, in epistemology and psychology, a form of Empiricism that limits experience as a source of knowledge to sensation or sense perceptions. Sensationalism is a consequence of the notion of the mind as a tabula rasa, or “clean slate.” In ancient Greek philosophy, the Cyrenaics,

  • Sense and Sensibility (film by Lee [1995])

    Emma Thompson: …Thompson wrote and starred in Sense and Sensibility, based on Jane Austen’s novel. The film was a critical and commercial success, and Thompson won an Academy Award for best adapted screenplay and a BAFTA Award for best actress. She also later married (2003) costar Greg Wise. In 2001 Thompson wrote…

  • Sense and Sensibility (novel by Austen)

    Sense and Sensibility, novel by Jane Austen that was published anonymously in three volumes in 1811 and that became a classic. The satirical, comic work offers a vivid depiction of 19th-century middle-class life as it follows the romantic relationships of Elinor and Marianne Dashwood. Sense and

  • Sense of an Ending, The (novel by Barnes)

    Julian Barnes: …short stories, as well as The Sense of an Ending, a Booker Prize-winning novel that uses an unreliable narrator to explore the subjects of memory and aging. The Noise of Time (2016) fictionalizes episodes from the life of Russian composer Dmitry Shostakovich. In The Only Story (2018), Barnes explored memory…

  • Sense of Beauty, The (work by Santayana)

    aesthetics: Post-Hegelian aesthetics: …late 1800s was George Santayana’s The Sense of Beauty (1896), which shows a welcome move away from the 19th-century obsession with art toward more fundamental issues in the philosophy of mind. Santayana argues against Kant’s theory of the disinterested and universal quality of aesthetic interest, and defends the view that…

  • Sense of Movement, The (work by Gunn)

    Thom Gunn: The Sense of Movement (1957) won a Somerset Maugham Award, which he used for travel in Italy. “On the Move,” a celebration of black-jacketed motorcyclists from that volume, is one of his best-known poems. In the late 1950s Gunn’s poetry became more experimental. He published…

  • Sense of Style: The Thinking Person’s Guide to Writing in the 21st Century, The (work by Pinker)

    Steven Pinker: In The Sense of Style: The Thinking Person’s Guide to Writing in the 21st Century (2014), Pinker prescribed effective writing techniques while acknowledging and defending the necessary elasticity of language and grammar.

  • sense organ (anatomy)

    nervous system: Simple bilateral systems: Sensory organs also are present and include ciliated pits and grooves, auricles, the frontal organ, statocyst, and eyes. The ciliated pits and grooves contain chemical receptors, or chemoreceptors, which permit the animal to detect food. The statocyst is responsible for balance and such reactions as…

  • sense perception

    Senses, means by which animals detect and respond to stimuli in their internal and external environments. The senses of animals are most usefully described in terms of the kind of physical energy, or modality, involved. There are four main modalities: the light senses (photoreception; i.e.,

  • sense physiology

    Psychophysics, study of quantitative relations between psychological events and physical events or, more specifically, between sensations and the stimuli that produce them. Physical science permits, at least for some of the senses, accurate measurement on a physical scale of the magnitude of a

  • sense-data (philosophy)

    Sense-data, Entities that are the direct objects of sensation. Examples of sense-data are the circular image one sees when viewing the face of a penny and the oblong image one sees when viewing the penny from an angle. Other examples are the image one sees with one’s eyes closed after staring at a

  • sense-datum (philosophy)

    Sense-data, Entities that are the direct objects of sensation. Examples of sense-data are the circular image one sees when viewing the face of a penny and the oblong image one sees when viewing the penny from an angle. Other examples are the image one sees with one’s eyes closed after staring at a

  • sense-hillock (anatomy)

    lateral line system: …a series of mechanoreceptors called neuromasts (lateral line organs) arranged in an interconnected network along the head and body. This network is typically arranged in rows; however, neuromasts may also be organized singly. At its simplest, rows of neuromasts appear on the surface of the skin; however, for most fishes,…

  • Sensemayá (work by Revueltas)

    Sensemayá, tone poem by Mexican composer Silvestre Revueltas that premiered in Mexico City in December 1938. It is notable for its rhythmic complexity and for its incorporation of Latin American folk percussion instruments as part of the orchestra. Inspired by the Cuban writer Nicolás Guillén’s

  • senses

    Senses, means by which animals detect and respond to stimuli in their internal and external environments. The senses of animals are most usefully described in terms of the kind of physical energy, or modality, involved. There are four main modalities: the light senses (photoreception; i.e.,

  • sensibility, novel of (literature)

    Sentimental novel, broadly, any novel that exploits the reader’s capacity for tenderness, compassion, or sympathy to a disproportionate degree by presenting a beclouded or unrealistic view of its subject. In a restricted sense the term refers to a widespread European novelistic development of the 1

  • sensible heat (physics)

    climate: Biosphere controls on the structure of the atmosphere: and convection (sensible heating), the energy flux to the atmosphere carried by water vapour via evaporation and transpiration from the surface (latent heat energy), and the flux of radiant energy from the surface to the atmosphere (infrared terrestrial radiation). These fluxes differ in the altitude at which…

  • sensible species (philosophy)

    epistemology: Aristotle: That stimulation causes a “sensible species” to be generated in the sense organ itself. The “species” is some sort of representation of the object sensed. As Aristotle describes the process, the sense organ receives “the form of sensible objects without the matter, just as the wax receives the impression…

  • sensible transfer

    ice in lakes and rivers: The seasonal cycle: …convection—the latter being termed the sensible transfer. Since these transfers of heat are driven by the difference between air temperature and surface temperature, the extent and duration of ice covers more or less coincide with the extent and duration of average air temperatures below the freezing point (with a lag…

  • sensible, distribution of the (political philosophy)

    Jacques Rancière: …and reflected in the “distribution of the sensible”—the complex of individuals and individual speech (“bodies” and “voices”) that are effectively visible, sayable, or audible (or invisible, unsayable, or inaudible), together with implicit assumptions about the natural capacities of different individuals and groups. In some societies, for example, blue-collar workers,…

  • sensillar lymph (zoology)

    chemoreception: Perireceptor events: …bathed in a fluid called sensillar lymph that is analogous to the mucus of vertebrates. In the olfactory system this fluid contacts odour-binding receptors that presumably function in the same way as those of vertebrates but that are produced by different families of genes. Three families of these receptor proteins…

  • sensillum (sense organ)

    insect: Nervous system: …a cuticular sense organ (sensillum). The sensilla are usually small hairs modified for perception of specific stimuli (e.g., touch, smell, taste, heat, cold); each sensillum consists of one sense cell and one nerve fibre. Although these small sense organs occur all over the body, they are particularly abundant in…

  • sensing device (electronics)

    automation: Modern developments: Advances in sensor technology have provided a vast array of measuring devices that can be used as components in automatic feedback control systems. These devices include highly sensitive electromechanical probes, scanning laser beams, electrical field techniques, and machine vision. Some of these sensor systems require computer technology…

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