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Learn about the first and second Opium Wars between China and Great Britain in the mid-1800s



Transcript

Opium Wars

What were the Opium Wars?

The Opium Wars were two conflicts that took place in China between Western countries and the Qing dynasty.

Who were the main combatants in the Opium Wars?

The first Opium War (1839–42) involved China and Great Britain, and the second Opium War (1856–60) involved Great Britain and France against China.

Who won the Opium Wars?

Great Britain won the first Opium War, meaning that the opium trade continued, that China had to compensate for losses and increase trade ports, and that Hong Kong Island was given to the British. The second war was won by Great Britain and France, resulting in legalization of the opium trade, more trade ports, and more land given away to the victors.

What were the long-term consequences of the Opium Wars?

The Opium Wars marked the start of decades of unequal treaties between China and foreign powers. The ruling Qing dynasty was ultimately toppled and replaced by a republican government in 1912.
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