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Learn about the American-written Open Door trading policy implemented in China for the first half of the twentieth century


Open Door Policy

What was the Open Door policy?

The Open Door policy called for protection of equal privileges for all countries trading with China and for the support of Chinese territorial and administrative integrity.

Which countries were involved in the Open Door policy?

The United States drafted the policy. Great Britain, Germany, France, Italy, Japan, and Russia were the recipients of the Open Door policy notes.

When was the Open Door policy in effect?

The Open Door policy was first initiated on September 6, 1899, with a follow-up missive on July 3, 1900. The policy was a cornerstone of American foreign policy in East Asia until 1945.

What was the significance of the Open Door policy?

The policy was significant in the United States, establishing an international protocol and becoming a cornerstone of American foreign policy in East Asia until the mid-20th century.

What led to the demise of the Open Door policy?

Japan’s defeat in 1945 in the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II, which ushered in changes to the world order, and the communist victory in 1949 in China’s civil war, which ended all special privileges to foreigners in that country, contributed to the Open Door policy being rendered meaningless.
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